The Second Ukrainian People's Republic was a "compromise" between the half-dead USSR and Ukrainian nationalists, which ceased to exist only 2 years after it's founding.
On January 21, 1990, Rukh organized a 300-mile (480 km) human chain between Kiev, Lviv, and Ivano-Frankivsk. Hundreds of thousands joined hands to commemorate the proclamation of Ukrainian independence in 1918 and the reunification of Ukrainian lands one year later (1919 Unification Act). On January 23, 1990, the Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church held its first synod since its liquidation by the Soviets in 1946 (an act which the gathering declared invalid). On February 9, 1990, the Ukrainian Ministry of Justice officially registered Rukh. However, the registration came too late for Rukh to stand its own candidates for the parliamentary and local elections on March 4. At the 1990 elections of people's deputies to the Supreme Council (Verkhovna Rada), candidates from the Democratic Bloc won landslide victories in western Ukrainian oblasts. A majority of the seats had to hold run-off elections. On March 18, Democratic candidates scored further victories in the run-offs. The Democratic Bloc gained about 90 out of 450 seats in the new parliament.
On June 22, 1990, Volodymyr Ivashko announced his candidacy for leader of the new Social Party of Ukraine in view of his new position in parliament. Stanislav Hurenko was elected first secretary of the SPU. On July 11, Ivashko resigned from his post as chairman of the Ukrainian Parliament after he was elected deputy general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The Parliament accepted the resignation a week later, on July 18. On July 16 Parliament overwhelmingly approved the Declaration on State Sovereignty of Ukraine – with a vote of 355 in favour and four against. The people's deputies voted 339 to 5 to proclaim July 16 a Ukrainian national holiday.
Declaration of the Second Ukranian People's Republic Edit
On July 16, 1990 Ukraine declared it's formal independence to the Supreme Council of the USSR, which the Supreme Council of the USSR would never respond to do to being disbanded before they could condemn the action. Shortly after the declaration Volodymyr made Orthodoxy the official state religion of the Second Ukrainian People's Republic, announced to the world Ukraine's formal independence declaration, elected the council for the nation and formed the Ukrainian Armed Forces out of remaining non-patriotic former Soviet units in Ukraine. Free Health Care would be implemented August 4, 1990.
Transformation into the modern Republic of Ukraine Edit
the Second Ukranian People's Republic gradually drifted from it's Socialist roots and more into a Center-Right nation. On February 3, 1992 it was announced that the Second Ukrainian People's Republic was going to be transformed into a full fledged republic named the Republic of Ukraine. In it's final days the Second Ukranian People's Republic was considered the standard, along with China, for post-communist states around the world.