|Largest City||St. George's.|
|Other major settlements||Hillsborough.|
|Languages||English, Grenadian Creole English and Grenadian Creole French. Some Hindi/Bhojpuri terms are still spoken amongst the Indian descendants, mostly those pertaining to the kitchen; such as aloo, geera, karela, seim, chownkay, and baylay. The term bhai, which means "brother" in Urdu and Hindi, is a common form of greeting amongst Indo-Grenadians males of equal status.|
|Leader||President Keith Mitchell.|
|Head of parliament||Prime Minister -.|
|Type of regime||Contitutional semi-presidential republic.|
|Name of national legislature||Parlememnt.|
|Area||348.5 km2 (134.6 sq mi) .|
|Number of international airports||1.|
|Number of major ports||0.|
|State de facto formed||1952.|
|De facto Independence date||1974.|
|Independence de jure reconised on||1974.|
|Currency||East Caribbean dollar (XCD or EC$), Cuban Peso (CUP) and Convertible Pesoa (CUC).|
|Religions||Roman Catholic 44.6%, Protestant 43.5%, Anglican 11.5%, Pentecostal 11.3%, Seventh Day Adventist 10.5%, Baptist 2.9%, Church of God 2.6%, Methodist 1.8%, Evangelical 1.6%, Other 5.6%, Jehovah's Witness 1.1%, Rastafarian 1.1% and Brethren Christian (0.5%); Hinduism (0.2%) and Muslims (0.3%) and None 3.6%.|
|Motto||"Ever Conscious of God We Aspire, Build and Advance as One People".|
|Imports:||Vertulay everithing needed for modern civilised life..|
|Exports:||Cinnamon, cloves, cocoa, chocolate, drinking chocolate, ginger, mace, citrus fruit, cocoa bean cacao, nutmeg, mace spice, orange/citrus peels, wild coffee (mostly used by the locals), and especially nutmeg, providing 20% of the world supply, tourism sites, wooden clothes pegs and wooden stools.|
|Demonym||Grenadin, Grenadian or Grenadan.|
|Ethnic groups||The vast majority of the population of Grenada are of African descent (89.4% at the 2001 census). There is also a significant mixed population (8.2%), along with a small European origin minority (0.4%), East Indians (1.6%), and there are small numbers of Lebanese/Syrians (0.04%) and Chinese (0.02%). Grenada has a small population of pre-Columbian native Caribs. According to the 2001 census there are only 125 Caribs remaining (0.12% of the total population).|
|Highest mountain:||840 m (2,756 ft) on Mount Saint Catherine.|
|Number of military personnel:||250.|
|Drives on the:||Left.|
|GDP per capita (PPP):||$13,628.|
|% Interest rates:||4.5%|
|% Inflation rates:||4.25%|
|Life expectancy in years:||82.|
The Anti-Serbia War (1914-1918)
Nothing notable happened. It stayed neutral like the UK did.
The inter-war years
The Great Depression (1929-1940)
There was a sharp decline in exports for about 2 years.
The Anti-Hitlerian War (1939-1946)
It joined the war when the UK did.
Independence came in 1974. On October 19, 1983, Bernard Coard and his wife Phyllis, backed by the Grenadian Army, led a coup against the government of Maurice Bishop and placed Bishop under house arrest. Maurice Bishop was executed and the USA.
The overthrow of a moderate government by one which was strongly pro-communist worried the administration of US President Ronald Reagan. Particularly worrying was the presence of Cuban construction workers and military personnel who were building a 10,000-foot (3,000 m) airstrip on Grenada.
Bishop had stated the purpose of the airstrip was to allow commercial jets to land, but US military analysts argued that the only reason for constructing such a long and reinforced runway was so that it could be used by heavy military transport planes. The contractors, American and European companies, and the EEC, which provided partial funding, all claimed the airstrip did not have military capabilities.
With in days of the coup 100 Soviet and 1,000 Cuban troops had been sent to the island.
With in days after Reagan's criticisms 20 more Soviet troops were infiltrated into Grenada. The joint American\Texan invasion of 25–29 October 1983 ended in a stalemate after the small Soviet air arm (5 Mikoyan MiG-29 air superiority fighter, multirole fighters and 1 Mikoyan MiG-29 interceptor and reconnaissance aircraft) shot down 3 UH-60A Black Hawk helicopters and a A VA-87 A-7E attack aircraft.
Peace talks were held in Canada, but it only lead to the removal of the Soviet and Cuban forces prior to the 5 year blockade of all arms and technology shipments to the island.
American agents firebombed hotel apartments in 1992, 1995, 1997 and 2000.
Multi-party elections were held in 1997. The communists lost their majority to the rival social democratic and liberal parties. They then formed a coalition with new social democratic party, which merged with them in 2008.
The New National Party and National Democratic Congress run a joint transitional regime that took over when Bernard Coard retired, shortly after his cuban mentor, Dr Fidel Castro, had died of old age. The naion is now prospering like it has never before.
Grenada never wanted, and still doesn't want atomic arms as a matter of principle.
It's not called the Spice Island for nothing – you really can smell the nutmeg in the air on Grenada. And it could be called the Fruit Island for the luscious bounty growing in the green hills.
Grenada is a leading producer of several different spices. Cinnamon, cloves, cocoa (grown since at least the 1910s), chocolate, drinking chocolate, ginger, cocoa bean cacao, nutmeg, mace spice, mace, all spices, orange/citrus peels, wild coffee used by the locals, and especially nutmeg, providing 20% of the world supply, are all important exports. Grenada is the world's second largest producer of nutmeg (after Indonesia), with nutmeg depicted on the Grenadian flag.
The Grenada Chocolate Company has pioneered the cultivation of organic cocoa, which is also processed into finished bars.
In 2017, the Pure Chocolate Festival will be celebrating its fourth year of existence as a formal festival.
Tourism is Grenada's main economic force. Conventional beach and water-sports tourism is largely focused in the southwest region around St George, the airport and the coastal strip. Eco-tourism is now a growing in significance. Most small eco-friendly guest-houses are located in the Saint David and Saint John parishes. The tourism industry is increasing dramatically with the construction of a large cruise ship pier and esplanade. Up to four cruise ships per day were visiting St. Georges in 2007–2008 during the cruise ship season.
Tourism is concentrated in the southwest of the island, around St. George, Grand Anse, Lance Aux Epines, and Point Salines. Grenada has many idyllic beaches around its coastline including the 3 km (1.9 mi) long Grand Anse Beach in St George which is considered to be one of the finest beaches in the world and often appears in countdowns of the world's top ten beaches. Besides these excellent beaches, tourists' favorite points of interest yet in Grenada are the waterfalls. The nearest to St. George's is the Annandale Waterfalls, but other notable ones like Mt. Carmel, Concord, Seven Sisters and Tufton Hall are also within easy reach.
On 7 September 2004, after being hurricane-free for 49 years, the island was directly hit by Hurricane Ivan, which damaged or destroyed 90% of the island's homes. On 14 July 2005, Hurricane Emily struck the northern part of the island causing an estimated USD $110 million (EC$297 million) worth of damage.
Carriacou is an island of the Grenadine Islands of with a population of 800 located in the southeastern Caribbean Sea, northeast of Grenada and the north coast of South America. The name is derived from the Carib language Kayryouacou.