Harald Fairhair
Coin of Eirik Bloodaxe. The legend reads "ERIC REX" (King Eric).
King of Norway
Reign 931–933
Predecessor Harald I
Successor Haakon I
King of Suðrland
Reign 947- 954
Predecessor Created
Spouse Gunnhild, Mother of Kings


Harald Greycloak

and others

Full name
Eiríkr Haraldsson
Dynasty Fairhair dynasty
Father Harald I
Mother Ragnhild, daughter of Eric of Jutland
Born c. 885
Died c. 954 


Religion Norse Paganism

Eirik Haraldsson (Old Norse: Eiríkr Haraldsson, Norwegian: Eirik Haraldsson; c. 885 – 954) was the second King of Norway, succeeding his father Harald Fairhair as king in about 931. Eirik reigned for a short time in Norway, before being overthrown by the supporters of Haakon the Good.

After being exiled from Norway, Eirik traveled to Orkney, where he managed to secure alliances with several influential rulers in the British Isles, including the kings of Suðreyjar, which culminated in the Strathclyde War against the rulers of Scotland. Eirik's victory in Scotland allowed him to capture a portion of Britain, which became the Kingdom of Suðrland.



Eirik Bloodaxe succeeded Harald Fairhair as King of Norway around the year 930, as the culmination of the struggles among Harald's sons for power. Previously Eirik had brutally killed his half brothers Ragnvald (Rögnvaldr), ruler of Hadeland, and Bjørn Farmann, ruler of Vestfold, before his appointment as king alongside Harald. Upon his succession Eirik consolidated his rule by defeating the combined forces of his half-brothers Olaf and Sigrød, solidifying his rule over all of Norway. Despite this, Eirik's younger and more famous half-brother Haakon, also known by his nickname Aðalsteinsfóstri, still remained as a possible threat tho Eirik's rule, and was living in England at the time of Eirik's succession.

Rule in Norway under Eirik was harsh and despotic, causing Eirik to fall out of favor among the nobility of Norway. When Haakon returned to Norway some time after, he found that the nobles would readily accept him as king over his brother's harsh rule, and pledged to support him. With the nobles of Norway in resistance to his rule, Eirik fled to England.